Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI
1940 Les nazis commencent à édifier un mur autour d’un quartier de Varsovie, destiné à servir de ghetto. Avec une superficie de 420 hectares, il doit enfermer non seulement les juifs de la ville mais aussi ceux des environs.
1942 A Amsterdam, les nazis remettent 500 000 étoiles jaunes au Conseil juif, qui doit les répartir parmi tous les juifs. Le port en est obligatoire.
1943 Les derniers juifs, au nombre de 330, encore détenus dans le camp de Leczna (province de Lublin) sont déportés au camp d’extermination de Sobibor.
1944 Départ de Drancy, avec 1004 déportés pour le camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz, 904 seront directement envoyé à la chambre à gaze, 37 hommes et 25 femmes survivront à la libération.
1945 Le camp de concentration de Dachau est libéré par l’armée américaine. Plus de 40 000 personnes y ont péri, plus des deux tiers étant des juifs. Les troupes trouvent 50 wagons remplis de corps empilés.
April 29, 1922
Werner was raised in the rural German town of Herleshausen, where his family owned a farming supply business. His father sold seeds to local farmers and purchased their grain, while his mother ran the office. After several years of public schooling in Herleshausen, Werner began attending a high school in Eisenach, some 12 miles from their home. The Katzensteins were one of about two dozen Jewish families living in the area.
1933-39: When the Nazis came to power in January 1933, the Katzensteins’ lives were abruptly changed. Werner’s father was arrested, held in “protective custody” for several weeks and then released. The local Nazis also pressured farmers and others to boycott Jewish enterprises. In 1935, Werner’s father was forced to close down his business, and two years later, the family left for the Netherlands, where they operated a farm. After seeking admission to England, South America, and Palestine, the Katzensteins obtained U.S. visas. They arrived in the United States in June 1939.
1940-45: The Katzensteins bought a farm near Camden, New Jersey, where they raised chickens. Werner worked on the farm, plowing the fields with a team of horses and carrying out other duties. In 1944, he was drafted into the U.S. Army and served on the frontlines in southern France, where he was wounded. After his release from the hospital, he rejoined his unit as it fought its way into the interior of Germany.
When the war ended in May 1945, Werner was transferred to the U.S. military government of occupation in Germany. He returned to Herleshausen, but there were no Jewish families left in his hometown. In 1946, Werner returned to the United States, where he took up farming once again.