Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1942 Plusieurs centaines d’intellectuels juifs de Kolomyya (R.S.S. d’Ukraine) sont rassemblés et massacrés.
– Début d’une Aktion de grande envergure dirigée contre les juifs du camp de Bogdanovka (Transnitrie, R.S.S. d’Ukraine). Elle s’étendra sur deux semaines.
1943 Vingt-cinq wagons à bestiaux transportant des malades mentaux de l’asile psychiatrique juif Het Apeldoornse Bos situé près d’Apeldoorn (province de Gueldre, Pays-Bas) arrivent au camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz. Les déportés sont tués et leurs corps brûlés dans des fosses creusées à cet effet.
– 110 juifs appartenant à une brigade de travail sont fusillés par les SS dans les sables près du camp de Janovska, à Lwow (Galicie orientale, R.S.S. d’Ukraine).
January 24, 1924
Dora grew up in the industrial city of Radom, known for its armaments industry. Though fervently Jewish, her Yiddish-speaking parents differed from each other in that her mother was deeply religious while her father was not religious and was an ardent member of the Zionist Labor Party. Also known by her Jewish name D’vora, Dora attended Jewish schools and joined a Zionist youth organization.
1933-39: When I visited my uncle near the German border in 1936, I first noticed anti-Jewish placards and hate messages. In school our teachers told us that humanity was becoming more civilized. However, on September 8, 1939, the German occupation began. I was identified as a Jew on the new ID card I was issued. And before the year ended, I had to wear an identifying badge on my clothing.
1940-44: A German officer was billeted in our home, but at least his presence protected us from pillaging by Nazi bullies. In March 1941 we were forced into a ghetto [Radom]. Germany seemed to be winning the war; we were young and decided to do as much living as possible. We’d even violate the curfew in order to have fun. Those who worked and were useful to the Germans had a better chance to live. I had a job at the weapons factory, which saved me from being deported when the Germans destroyed the ghetto during 1942 and 1943.
Dora was deported to Auschwitz in July 1944. She was liberated at the
Bergen-Belsen camp by British troops on April 15, 1945.
In 1950 she emigrated to America.