Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1943 2 000 juifs du ghetto de Theresienstadt sont déportés au camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz, où 1 800 d’entre eux sont gazés dès leur arrivée. 200 jeunes gens sont sélectionnés pour travailler dans l’usine de IG Farben Buna-Monowitz (Auschwitz III).
– Un convoi de 516 juifs quitte le camp de regroupement de Westerbork (Pays-Bas) à destination du camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz.
– Un juif est tué par un garde allemand dans le camp de travail forcé de Bizerte (Tunise).
Magdalena Kusserow, Bochum, Germany
January 23, 1924
One of 11 children, Magdalena was raised as a Jehovah’s Witness. When she was 7, her family moved to the small town of Bad Lippspringe. Her father was a retired postal official and her mother was a teacher. Their home was known as « The Golden Age » because it was the headquarters of the local Jehovah’s Witness congregation. By age 8 Magdalena could recite many Bible verses by heart.
1933-39: Our loyalty was to Jehovah, so the Nazis marked us as enemies. At 12 I joined my parents and sister in missionary work. Catholic priests denounced us. Papa was arrested for hosting Bible study meetings in our home; even Mama was arrested. The Gestapo searched our house many times, but my sisters and I managed to hide the religious literature. In 1939 the police took my three youngest siblings to be « reeducated » in Nazi foster homes.
1940-44: I was arrested in April 1941 and detained in nearby juvenile prisons until I was 18. I was told that I could go home if I signed a statement repudiating my faith. But I refused and was deported to the Ravensbrueck concentration camp. After a harrowing trip with common criminals and prostitutes, I was assigned to do gardening work and look after the children of the SS women. Within a year, my mother and sister Hildegard were also in Ravensbrueck; with God’s help, we Jehovah’s Witnesses stuck together.
During a forced march from Ravensbrueck in April 1945, Magdalena, her sister and mother were liberated. When the war ended, they returned to Bad Lippspringe.