Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1942 Début de la déportation vers l’est des internés du ghetto de Theresienstadt. 1 000 hommes, femmes et enfants sont déportés à Riga (Lettonie) et 400 juifs environ au camp de concentration voisin de Salaspils, où ils sont assassinés.
– 1 100 juifs sont massacrés par les SS à Klodawa (Pologne), 1 800 autres sont déportés au camp d’extermination de Chelmno.
1945 Les patients juifs de la polyclinique de la Charité à Budapest sont jetés brutalement hors de leur lit par les membres de la brigade fasciste hongroise des Croix fléchées. on les conduit sur les bords du Danube pour les fusiller.
January 9, 1926
Susan grew up in Vacha, a small Thuringian town where her family had lived for more than 400 years. Her father, Herman, owned a general store and her mother, Bertha, took care of the home and children. Susan had a younger sister Brunhilde. The Strausses were one of about 25ï¿½30 Jewish families living in Vacha.
1933-1939: Soon after the Nazis took power, many of Susan’s friends stopped playing with her. In 1938 she was forced to leave the public school. That November, the Nazis unleashed a wave of pogroms throughout Germany known as Kristallnacht (ï¿½The Night of Broken Glassï¿½). In Vacha, local party members damaged the family store and imprisoned her father in the Buchenwald concentration camp. He was released after four weeks on the condition that he quickly emigrate. In 1939 he fled to Belgium. Susan, her mother, grandmother, and sister moved to Berlin, where there was a large Jewish community.
1940-1944: During the war, Susan was conscripted for forced labor and produced radio receivers for submarines. Her father reached the United States in 1940, but was unable to get his family out of Germany. In January 1942, Susan and her family were deported to the Riga ghetto in occupied Latvia. Upon arrival, her grandmother, Jettchen, was taken to the nearby forests and killed. Susan, her mother, and sister were placed in forced labor in the ghetto and at the Kaiserwald concentration camp. In fall 1944, as the Soviet army approached, they were deported to the Stutthof camp. From Stutthof, Susan was transferred to the subcamp of Sophienwalde, where the prisoners were forced to pave roads.
In February 1945, the SS sent the prisoners on a death march. Susan was liberated by Soviet troops on March 10, 1945. Her mother perished in the Thorn (Torun) labor camp and her sister at Stutthof. After the war, Susan married, and immigrated with her husband and family to the United States, where they joined her father.