Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1941 800 juifs du » petit ghetto » de Riga (Lettonie) sont conduits dans la forêt voisine de Rambuli, où ils sont fusillés. – Début des exterminations de Juifs et de Tziganes au camp de Chelmno. 1942 2 500 juifs de Luga Vola (Pologne) sont déportés au camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz.
December 9, 1920
Erzsebeth was raised in Budapest, where her Polish-born Jewish parents had lived since before World War I. Her father, a brush salesman, fought for the Austro-Hungarian forces in that war. The Buchsbaums’ apartment was in the same building as a movie house. There was a small alcove in the apartment, and Erzsebeth’s brother, Herman, made a hole in the wall so that they could watch the films.
1933-39: Every summer Mother, Herman, and I took a special trip to Stebnik, Poland, to visit Grandma. Father stayed back to work. I loved Grandma’s village. We’d walk near the train station and smell the flowers. I’d play with Grandma’s dog, Reyfus, and sometimes we’d travel by horse and buggy to the nearby spa, where a band played and people sat and sipped drinks. In 1938 when Germany annexed Austria [the Anschluss], Herman emigrated to America.
1940-44: Since we were Polish-born, we had to leave Hungary in 1941 when all « foreigners » were forced out. We went to Kolomyja [Kolomyia], Poland, where a ghetto was imposed in 1942.Thousands were killed, and by summer I decided to escape back to Hungary. A smuggler took our small group through the woods. We slept by day and walked all night. On the 12th day, we heard a German shout: « Get up! » After I crawled into a hollow tree trunk, I heard shooting and voices crying « No! » Then it was silent. The smuggler had been wounded. The others were dead.