Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1938 Les universités sont interdites aux juifs. – Heinrich Himmler ordonne le recensement des Tsiganes et leur internement en camp de concentration. 1941 Le camp d’extermination de Chelmno est mis en marche près de Lodz. Jusqu’en avril 1943, 360.000 Juifs y trouvèrent la mort.
December 8, 1895
Tonie’s parents came to the Netherlands from Germany in the 1880s, and their six children were born in Amsterdam. As a child, Tonie studied the piano, and she excelled in French. When she married Abraham Soep, a diamond manufacturer, Tonie adopted her husband’s observant Jewish practices. Their three children were born in 1919, 1923, and 1924.
1933-39: Tonie’s husband served for many years as the president of the Amsterdam Jewish community. The Soeps had a large and comfortable home. Tonie and Abraham often traveled abroad together, and each summer the family rented a home at the seashore in Zandvoort. The Soeps enjoyed spending their weekends in the company of their many relatives.
1940-44: The Germans occupied the Netherlands in 1940. One year later, Abraham was appointed to the Nazi-imposed Dutch Jewish council. The Soeps were deported in 1943 and eventually sent to the Bergen-Belsen camp, where the Germans wanted to use Abraham’s expertise to help set up a diamond factory. When the « diamond plan » collapsed, the diamond workers were deported to death camps, with the exception of the Soeps and one other family who were kept alive should the Germans again need their business connections.