Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1939 Exclusion des Juifs des wagons – restaurants. – Trois bateaux avec à son bord 1 210 réfugiés juifs de Vienne et Prague, ont été arrêté sur le Danube à la frontière romano-yougoslave. Les bateaux faisaient route vers Eretz israël mais ont été arrêtés à la demande du gouvernement britannique. Finalement, deux cent enfants ont reçu des permis pour continuer le voyage, Tous les autres ont dû faire demi-tour. Les hommes seront pris au village de Zasavica et tués en/10/1941. Les femmes et les enfants ont été pris au camp de Sajmiste et seront ensuite gazés dans des camions fermés. 1941 Massacre de 10.000 juifs à Simferopol en Crimée. – Début du fonctionnement d’Auschwitz II – Birkenau. 1942 1 000 juifs sortis du ghetto de Chortkov (Ukraine) sont déportés vers divers camps de travail forcé de la région. La plupart d’entre eux seront assassinés en juillet 1943. – Les SS assassinent 150 juifs à Ivje (Biélorussie). 1944 Dans la nuit du 31 décembre, des Croix fléchées occupent l’hôtel Ritz de Budapest, bien que placé sous protection internationale. Ils y arrêtent le président de l’Organisation sioniste, O. Komoly, et le tuent.
December 30, 1925
Manya was born in Chmielnik, a small Polish town that had a Jewish community dating back to the 16th century. Her father owned a furniture shop and her mother took care of the home. Manya had two younger brothers, David and Mordechai, and was surrounded by many close relatives. She attended both public and Hebrew schools and had many friends.
1933-39: In 1938 Manya’s family moved to Sosnowiec, a larger city located near the German border. There she had her first experience with antisemitism. Signs appeared urging Polish citizens to boycott Jewish businesses. The following year, German troops invaded Poland. On September 4, 1939, at 2 p.m., Sosnowiec was occupied. That same day, local Jews, including Manya’s father, were rounded up. The following morning, they were marched to a factory, where their heads and beards were shaved. They were held overnight without food or water and then selected for forced labor. Manya’s father was assigned to build army latrines. A month later, her mother was arrested for violating the curfew.
1940-45: In 1941 Manya was forced to work for a German company that produced military uniforms. The following year, the Nazis began deporting Jews from Sosnowiec to the Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center. Manya and her family were saved temporarily from deportation because of their work permits. In March 1943, however, she was forcibly taken to the Gogolin transit camp, and from there to the Gleiwitz forced-labor camp. She never saw her family again; they were deported to Auschwitz. In January 1945, as the Soviet army approached, the prisoners were evacuated on a death march.
Manya and the other prisoners were transported for ten days in open freight cars in the bitter cold to the Ravensbrueck concentration camp. During the journey, she shielded a sick friend from being crushed in the overcrowded car. Manya’s arms were bruised and swollen. Later she was taken to the Rechlin camp, where she was rescued by the Swedish Red Cross in April 1945.