Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes.
NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1941 1 600 juifs de Dabie (Pologne) sont déportés au camp d’extermination de Chelmno. – Pendant deux jours, 1 500 juifs sont massacrés par les SS dans le port de Yalta sur la mer Noire ( U.R.S.S.). 1943 Entre le 16 et le 20 décembre, de nouveaux convois quittent le camp de concentration de Theresienstadt. 6 000 juifs environ sont déportés, par familles entières, au camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz. Ils servent, comme les familles juives déportées en septembre 1943, aux besoins de la propagande nazie : montrer aux délégations de la Croix-Rouge que » les juifs ne sont pas maltraités à Auschwitz « . Quand on n’aura plus besoin d’eux, ils seront gazés, le 7 mars 1944.
December 16, 1929
Shulamit, known as Musia, was the youngest of two daughters born to a Jewish family in the town of Horochow, 50 miles northeast of Lvov. Her father was a philosophy professor who taught at the university in Lvov, and both of her parents were civic leaders in Horochow. Shulamit began her education with private tutors at the age of 4.
1933-39: In September 1939 Germany invaded Poland, and three weeks later the Soviet Union occupied eastern Poland, where our town was located. Hordes of refugees fleeing the Germans streamed through our town. Soviet rule didn’t change our lives very much. We remained in our home and Father continued to teach in Lvov. The most important change for me was at school; we were now taught in Russian.
1940-45: In 1941 the Germans invaded the USSR and set up a ghetto in Horochow. In 1942, with rumors that the ghetto was about to be destroyed, Mother and I fled. We had just hidden in the underbrush at the river’s edge when we heard shots. We hid, submerged in the water, all night as machine guns blazed in the ghetto. By morning others were hiding in the brush and I heard a Ukrainian guard scream, « I see you there Jews; come out! » Most obeyed, but we hid in the water for several more days as the gunfire continued. Sometimes we would doze; once I woke to find Mother had vanished.