Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes. NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1939 Après l’incorporation d’Aleksandrov Lodzki (Pologne centrale) au IIIe Reich, tous les juifs de la ville sont déportés à Glovno dans le Gouvernement général (partie de la Pologne non incorporée dans le IIIe Reich). Le cimetière juif est nivelé.
1942 30 juifs, hommes et femmes, sont conduits dans un champ de mines à Galibicy (district de Demidov, région de Smolensk, U.R.S.S.). 8 personnes sont aussitôt déchiquetées et les autres mutilées et blessées. Quelques heures plus tard, les survivants sont conduits à nouveau dans le champ de mines, où ils périssent tous.
– 600 juifs de Parcevo (district de Bialystok, Pologne) sont déportés, par Volkovysk, au camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz.
– 3 000 juifs de Kock (district de Lublin) sont conduits au camp de regroupement de Lukov.
– En 3 jours, 5 000 juifs sont déportés de Zvolen (district de Kielce, Pologne) au camp d’extermination de Treblinka.
– 13 000 juifs du ghetto de Kozienice (province de Kielce, Pologne) et des environs, 2 500 juifs de Parysov (district de Lublin) et 1 000 juifs du village de Kolbiel sont déportés au camp d’extermination de Treblinka.
1943 Après la chute de Mussolini, l’île grecque de Corfou est occupée par les Allemands, qui promulguent des décrets antijuifs. Au début de la guerre, 2 000 juifs vivaient sur l’île, dont la communauté remonte à l’époque byzantine.
1944 Un transport de 20 juifs quitte le camp de concentration de Theresienstadt pour celui de Bergen-Belsen (Allemagne).
September 27, 1922
David was the second of four children born to religious Jewish parents in Kozienice, a town in southeastern Poland. His father, Manes, owned a shoe factory that supplied stores throughout the country. His mother, Sarah, took care of the home and children, and helped in the factory. Kozienice had a thriving Jewish community that constituted over half of the town’s population.
1933-39: For most of the 1930s, David spent his days going to school, playing sports, and working in his father’s shoe factory. His life, however, changed dramatically in September 1939, when German troops invaded Poland. During the bombing of Kozienice, the Bayers escaped to the forest. They returned to find that German soldiers had looted their home. The Nazis quickly began to implement their antisemitic policies. Jewish homes were marked with the Star of David, a curfew was established, and businesses, like the Bayers’, were confiscated.
1940-45: In 1940, the Bayers were forced to move into the Kozienice ghetto, where they were assigned one room. Like other Jews there, David was conscripted to digging irrigation canals. In September 1942, the ghetto was liquidated and its inhabitants, including members of his family, were deported to the Treblinka killing center. David was transported to Pionki, an industrial complex that produced munitions. In 1944 he was deported to Auschwitz, where he was selected for forced labor and transferred to the subcamp of Jaworzno to work in the coal mines. As the Soviet army neared, David and the other prisoners were sent on a death march. SS guards shot prisoners who were too weak to go on or who fell. After stopping at the Blechhammer camp, David escaped into the forests, where he was found five or six days later by Soviet troops. He weighed 70 pounds. He spent two years in the Foehrenwald displaced persons camp in Germany before immigrating to Panama.
In 1948 he left Panama to fight in the Israeli War of Independence. He later immigrated to America and now works as a volunteer at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.