Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent des victimes. NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1941 Le lendemain du Nouvel An juif, les internés du ghetto de Vilkaviskis (R.S.S. de Lituanie) sont conduits hors de leur ghetto pour être assassinés par les SS.
1942 En deux jours, 1 200 juifs sont déportés de Sterdyn (district de Lublin) au camp d’extermination de Treblinka.
– Un convoi quitte Vienne (Autriche) avec 1 287 juifs à destination du camp de concentration de Theresienstadt.
1943 L’officier SS Herbert Kappler inflige aux juifs de Rome (Italie) une amende de 50 kilos d’or, à livrer dans les trente-six heures. Il prend 200 juifs en otages et menace de les tuer si ses exigences ne sont pas satisfaites. Le 24 Septembre, grâce à Pie XII qui en offre une bonne partie, les juifs de Rome livrent cette énorme quantité d’or.
June 16, 1924
An only child of middle-class Jewish parents, Liliana was raised in a mixed neighborhood of Christians and Jews in Poland’s capital. Her father ran a jewelry business and was a reserve officer in the Polish army; her mother was a housewife. Liliana dreamed of going to the Sorbonne and becoming Poland’s second female district attorney.
1933-39: The worst part of going to school was being harassed and called a « filthy Jew. » I petitioned to enter a prestigious Catholic high school where I was exempted from attending Saturday classes, but like other Jewish students, I was seated separately and shoved in the halls and staircases. After a few weeks I quit, and attended a Jewish high school until it was closed by the occupying Germans in September 1939.
1940-44: After the Jews were forced into the ghetto, I became a slave laborer in the Toebbens factory. By April 1943 my family was dead and the ghetto was ablaze and in revolt. I hunkered down in my factory until the Germans came to get us on May 8. In a rage I grabbed a pair of scissors, but before I could do anything a German smashed me in the head with his rifle butt. I lifted my arm to protect myself and he smashed me again and again, knocking me out. When I woke up the next day I was in a dark, crowded cattle car.
Liliana survived as a slave laborer in the Majdanek and Skarzysko-Kamienna camps before being liberated in Czestochowa on January 18, 1945.
She emigrated to America in 1950.