Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent de s victimes. NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1937 Le camp de concentration de Buchenwald (Allemagne) reçoit ses premiers détenus.
1941 900 juifs de Vilkaviskis (Lituanie), où vivent 3 500 juifs, sont assassinés. Un ghetto reçoit la population juive restante. –
Le Dr Schumann sélectionne à Auschwitz 575 détenus qui seront gazés à Sonnenstein.
1942 10 000 juifs internés dans le ghetto de Minsk (Biélorussie) sont assassinés par les SS. 3 500 d’entre eux venaient d’Allemagne, d’Autriche et de Tchécoslovaquie.
1943 3 000 juifs cachés dans la ville et les environs de Skalat (Ukraine) sont arrêtés et fusillés par les SS, qui ont effectué des rafles dans les forêts pour les découvrir.
– 1 800 juifs sont déportés de Thessalonique (Grèce) au camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz (Pologne).
July 27, 1930
The second of two children, Andras was born to Jewish parents living in a suburb of Budapest. His father was a pharmacist. The Muhlrads lived in a large house with Andras’ grandfather and aunts. As a toddler, Andras often played with his older sister, Eva, and their cousins in the big yard behind their home.
1933-39: Andras was 4 when his family moved to their own apartment. It was 1936 when he began primary school and Hitler had already been in power in Nazi Germany for three years. At night his father would turn on the radio to listen to news of the Third Reich. All this still seemed far away from Hungary. The young boy concentrated on earning good grades. He knew only a few top Jewish students were admitted to the public high school every year.
1940-44: Four months before Andras turned 14, the Germans invaded Hungary. Soon after, the Muhlrads had to leave their apartment and move in with the family of Andras’ friend Yannos, whose building had been marked with a Star of David. At first, living together was tolerable, but conditions became increasingly more crowded until there were 25 in the apartment. The residents were allowed to leave the building for errands a few hours a day. Then one day a gendarme took up guard in front of the entrance. The residents spent three days trapped inside fearing what would happen next.
Andras and his family were among the 435,000 Hungarian Jews deported to Auschwitz in the early summer of 1944. Andras was later moved to a camp in Bavaria, where he perished.