Si toutes les victimes du Nazisme n’étaient pas juives,
tous les JUIFS furent de s victimes. NI PARDON – NI OUBLI.
1941 Etablissement du camp de Majdanek ou 130 000 Juifs trouveront la mort.
1942 2 500 juifs de Dembica (du côté de Cracovie) sont déportés au camp d’extermination de Belzec. – Début des gazages en masse à Treblinka.
1943 Tous les ouvriers qualifiés juifs travaillant pour la municipalité de Drohobycz (Ukraine) sont conduits hors de la ville pour être fusillés par les SS. Les juifs restants fuient vers la Hongrie et les Carpates. 300 d’entre eux, environ, survivront.
1944 Un transport de 563 juifs quitte Malines (Mechelen, Belgique) pour le camp d’extermination d’Auschwitz.
July 24, 1902
The oldest of five children, Johanna was born to Jewish parents living in a small town near Cologne. Her father owned a cigar factory. After Johanna graduated from high school, she worked in a bank in Cologne. At 22 she married Carl Heumann and the couple settled in the village of Hellenthal near the Belgian border. There they owned a general store. The couple had two daughters, Margot and Lore.
1933-39: A year ago our family moved to nearby Bielefeld, and I enrolled Margot and Lore in the city’s public schools. Today, they’ve been expelled from their classes, and not understanding why, they’ve come home crying. How can I explain the Nazis’ anti-Jewish measures to children who are 7 and 10 years old? Now I’ll enroll them in a Jewish school where they’ll have teachers who, like them, have been kicked out of the German schools.
1940-44: Our family has been deported from the Theresienstadt ghetto to Auschwitz. Today, our 16-year-old, Margot, has been ordered onto a forced labor convoy. We don’t know where she will be taken, but from what we’ve seen, we fear that she will never return to this camp. I have the option to go with her, but my 13-year old Lore is too young to go, and she’s also too young to stay here alone. I can’t leave her. Still, how can I find the words to say goodbye to my Margot?
Johanna, her husband, Carl, and her daughter Lore are believed to have perished at Auschwitz. Margot was liberated at Bergen-Belsen in April 1945 and emigrated to America in 1947.