Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 20

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.

ONTI Lazar, Sighet, Romania January 20, 1920

January 20
1942 Wannsee Conference history (near Berlin) on the « final solution ». Chaired by Reinhard Heydrich, head of Reichssicherheitsahptamt, the conference decided and planned liquidation of 11 million European Jews in the presence of many high-ranking representatives of official institutions and Aldolf Eichmann, responsible for implementing the entire project.
1943 Carriage of 2000 Jews left the Theresienstadt ghetto in the direction of the extermination camp of Auschwitz. 1 760 men, women and children are pushed into the gas chambers upon arrival. 160 men and 80 women were interned at Auschwitz II-Birkenau.
1944 The first convoy of deportation of the year left the camp at Drancy (France)
1155 Jews for the death camp of Auschwitz. 864 deportees were gassed upon arrival at camp.
– 70 elderly Jews were taken by the Nazis from Jewish retirement home in Trieste (Italy). Their destination is unknown. None of them will return.
1945 4 000 Jews were shot in the Auschwitz II-Birkenau

ONTI Lazar, Sighet, Romania
January 20, 1920

Onti, the youngest of five sons, was born to religious Jewish parents in northern Transylvania, a region of Romania that had belonged to Hungary until 1918. Onti’s family usually called him Usher, which was the diminutive of his Yiddish name, Anschel. As a little boy, he liked collecting figurines. Though Onti grew up in a Hungarian-speaking home, he attended Romanian public schools.

1933-39: At age 13 I quit school to help make ends meet. I wanted to become a watchmaker, but I settled on working as a glazier and picture framer. Making a living was my greatest challenge. Romanian rule caused us no problems even though my father had once fought against Romania in the Hungarian army. We had a scare in 1937 when there was a one-day pogrom against Jews, but things quickly returned to normal.

1940-44: In 1940 our province was returned to Hungarian rule. Hungary soon became an ally of Germany. The Hungarians revoked my father’s army pension and his license to sell tobacco. I was drafted into the army’s labor service. In 1941 I was sent to the USSR: In the summer we repaired roads and in the winter we shoveled snow. Most of our men were killed serving as human minesweepers. During our retreat some sick men in nearby units were burned alive in the barn where they were resting; those fleeing were shot while escaping.

Onti survived subsequent deportations to the Auschwitz and Flossenbürg concentration camps. Liberated in April 1945, he emigrated to the United States in 1950.


Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

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