Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 18

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.

Franz Wohlfahrt, Koestenberg-Velden, Austria January 18, 1920

January 18
1943 6 000 Jews in the Warsaw ghetto were deported to the extermination camp of Treblinka. 1000 of them were shot on site.
– 748 Jews left the regroupment camp Westerbork (Netherlands), transported to destination of the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
– The 200 Jews still remaining in the ghetto Sokólka (province of Bialystok, Poland) were murdered. Sokólka became a city « free of its Jews. » Some young people are able to take refuge in Warsaw, where they participate in the ghetto uprising in April 1943.
1944 870 Jews were deported from Westerbork camp reunion in the concentration camp of Theresienstadt.
– 300 Jews of Buczacz (province of Tarnopol, eastern Galicia, Ukrainian SSR), who had taken refuge in nearby forests, were massacred by the Nazis.
1945 Start of the evacuation on foot from surrounding forced labor camps to Auschwitz concentration camp Gross-Rosen. Many detainees were shot during the march.
– 3,000 Jews left the extermination camp of Auschwitz to a death march towards Geppersdorf (Germany). When they arrive at their destination in March 1945, now has only 280 survivors.

Franz Wohlfahrt, Koestenberg-Velden, Austria
January 18, 1920

The eldest of six children born to Catholic parents, Franz was raised in a village in the part of Austria known as Carinthia. His father was a farmer and quarryman. Disillusioned with Catholicism, his parents became Jehovah’s Witnesses during Franz’s childhood and raised their children in their new faith. As a teenager, Franz was interested in painting and skiing.

1933-39: I was apprenticed to be a house painter and decorator. After Nazi Germany annexed Austria in 1938, like other Jehovah’s Witnesses I refused to swear an oath to Hitler or to give the Hitler salute. Neighbors reported me to the police, but my boss protected me from arrest by saying that my work was needed. When the war began in September 1939 my father was arrested for opposing military service. He was executed in December.

1940-44: Following my twentieth birthday, I refused to be inducted into the German army. In front of hundreds of recruits and officers I refused to salute the Nazi flag. I was arrested on March 14, 1940, and imprisoned. Later that year, I was sent to a penal camp in Germany. A new commander felt sorry for me; three times he saved me from execution between 1943 and 1945. He was impressed that I was willing to die rather than to break God’s command to love our neighbor and not kill.

Franz remained in Camp Rollwald Rodgau 2 until March 24, 1945. He was liberated by U.S. forces and returned to his home in Austria.


Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

Cet article, publié dans france, histoire, est tagué , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Ajoutez ce permalien à vos favoris.

Votre commentaire

Entrez vos coordonnées ci-dessous ou cliquez sur une icône pour vous connecter:

Logo WordPress.com

Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte WordPress.com. Déconnexion /  Changer )

Photo Google

Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Google. Déconnexion /  Changer )

Image Twitter

Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Twitter. Déconnexion /  Changer )

Photo Facebook

Vous commentez à l’aide de votre compte Facebook. Déconnexion /  Changer )

Connexion à %s