Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 17

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.

Abraham Roman Ellenbogen, Rozwadow, Poland January 17, 1908

January 17
1942 The Nazis murdered 22 Jews Eupatoria (Crimea, Ukrainian SSR).
– The Jews of Zaandijk (Netherlands) should settle in the Jewish quarter of Amsterdam, provided only hand luggage, 270 Jews are presented. 98 stateless Jews living in Zaandijk were interned by the Nazis in the camp of Westerbork.
1944 A transport of 417 Jews arrived in Mechelen (Belgium) to the extermination camp of Auschwitz. They were murdered upon arrival.
1945 SS Command ordered the evacuation of the extermination camp of Auschwitz so that prisoners do not end up in the hands of the Soviet army.
– The Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, savior of thousands of Hungarian Jews whom he had provided Swedish passports, was arrested in Budapest by the Soviet police and taken to the USSR It was never released.
– The forced labor camps Skarzysko-Kamienna, Mielec and Plascov (Krakow, Poland), which include a total of 15,000 Jewish internees, are settled. 10,000 Jews were shot, deported by train 5000 to the concentration camps of Buchenwald and Ravensbrück (Germany).
– Revolt of the prisoners of the extermination camp of Chelmno (Poland). 46 Jewish prisoners were shot.

Abraham Roman Ellenbogen, Rozwadow, Poland
January 17, 1908

Abraham was the oldest of five children born to a Jewish family in the central Polish town of Rozwadow, where his father was a produce wholesaler. Abraham attended secondary school in the nearby town of Rzeszow and then went on to complete an undergraduate degree at the University of Cracow.

1933-39: Abraham was accepted to law school, despite quotas restricting the number of Jews allowed to enter, and in 1937 he set up a practice in Rozwadow. Two years later, on September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Before the Germans could capture Rozwadow, Abraham fled east to Lvov. But by the time he arrived there, sometime after September 21, invading Soviet troops had taken over the city.

1940-42: Abraham worked as an office clerk in Lvov for two years. Then in July of 1941 the Germans occupied the city and that November they set up a ghetto for the Jews in Lvov’s northeastern section. Abraham was one of approximately 150,000 Jews forced to relocate to the large ghetto, which was sealed on December 15. Very little is known about Abraham after that, except that he was involved in smuggling packages of food from the « Aryan » part of the city to the ghetto’s starving population.

Abraham was last seen in the ghetto sometime in 1942. His fate is unknown. The Lvov ghetto was liquidated in 1943.


Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

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