Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 13

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.

Arthur Karl Heinz Oertelt, Berlin, Germany January 13, 1921

January 13
1943 Mille Przytyk Jewish Ghetto (Poland) were deported to the extermination camp of Treblinka.
– 1500 Jewish forced labor camp in Radom (province of Kielce, Poland) were deported to the extermination camp of Treblinka.
The 1945 Hungarian fascists, the Arrow Cross, arresting several Jews in Budapest and murder.
1948 Solomon Mikhoels, president of the Jewish Antifascist Committee (Moscow, USSR), de facto leader of Soviet Jewry, was assassinated, probably on orders from Stalin. Director of the Yiddish theater in Moscow, his staging and performances had made him famous worldwide.
1953 is announced in Moscow (USSR) arrested nine known doctors, 6 Jews. They have confessed to the murder of two Soviet leaders and the project of assassinating heads of the army, as well as projects of espionage and terrorism against the USSR in favor of the United States and Zionism. Stalin’s death, March 3, 1953, puts an end to accusations of « doctors’ plot ». It was announced later that all defendants were found innocent and released.

Arthur Karl Heinz Oertelt, Berlin, Germany
January 13,  1921

Heinz, as he was usually called, was born in the German capital to religious Jewish parents. He and his older brother, Kurt, attended both religious and public schools. His father had died when he was very young. His mother, a seamstress, struggled to make ends meet. She and the boys lived in a predominantly Christian neighborhood.

1933-39: It frightened me when Nazi storm troopers sang about Jewish blood dripping from their knives. But we didn’t have money to leave Berlin. In late 1939 I was forced, with other Jews, to work for German construction companies. Many of us were professionals and businessmen unused to manual labor. We shoveled dirt and carried rocks by hand. Passersby would grin at us, and teachers brought students to show them what Jews looked like.

1940-44: In March 1943 Mother, Kurt and I were deported to Theresienstadt, where we soon became infested with lice, fleas, and bedbugs. We became obsessed with thoughts of food. Our soup was dished out from a huge barrel by lazy men who didn’t bother to stir it, leaving the good food chunks near the bottom. I had to time myself just right. If I was at the front of the line I’d get mostly the watery parts. If I was too far back, I might get nothing at all or watery soup from the top of a newly arrived barrel.

Heinz was eventually liberated near Flossenbürg in April 1945, and emigrated to the United States in 1949. Kurt survived the war, but their mother perished in Auschwitz.


Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

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