Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 12

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.

Fischel (Philip) Goldstein, Radom, Poland January 12, 1922

January 12
1942 600 Jews Bugaj (Poland) were deported to the Chelmno extermination camp, where they were murdered.
– A Brdow, north of Warsaw (Poland), 600 Jews were massacred by the SS and Security Police during an Aktion.
– Beginning of deportation of Jews from Odessa (Ukrainian SSR). They were taken to forced labor camps of Berezovka and Golta. These deportations spread over five weeks. Nearly 20,000 Jews were killed.
A 1943 transport with 1000 leaves Berlin Jews deported to the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
– The Nazis begin to deport 20,000 Jews from the forced labor camp in Zambrow (province of Bialystok, Poland). They are sent at night by rail trains 2000 people at the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
– Liquidation camp Volkovisk (province of Grodno, USSR): 1 000 Jews were deported to the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
1944 Arrival of a group of 23 Jews deported from Trieste (Italy) to the extermination camp of Auschwitz. They are killed on the spot.
– Arrival of a group of 95 deported from Lodz (Poland) extermination camp at Auschwitz, where they are killed without firing a shot.
– 1000 Jews deported from the Stutthof concentration camp (district of Gdansk, formerly Danzig, Poland) arrive at the extermination camp of Auschwitz, where they were murdered shortly after.

Fischel (Philip) Goldstein, Radom, Poland
January 12, 1922

Fischel was the youngest of five children. He came from a Jewish family of artisans; his father was a tailor, his uncles were furriers, and his sister was a dressmaker. Fischel started his education at a Jewish parochial school at age 3, where he studied Hebrew and Yiddish. He continued his education at Jewish private schools until age 10, when he entered Polish public schools.

1933-39: After graduating from the Polish public school system at age 14, Fischel started an apprenticeship in his father’s tailor shop. Tailoring was not the future Fischel envisaged for himself; he preferred the world of books instead. Luckily, his Zionist youth organization had a well-stocked library. Fischel’s life was interrupted when the Germans occupied Radom on September 8, 1939, one week after the invasion of Poland.

1940-45: In March 1941 the Germans set up a ghetto in Radom and on April 28, 1942, Fischel was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. There, he worked digging foundations and performing labor tasks at the construction sites of the crematoria and other structures. Every day prisoners were beaten to death at work and four prisoners were selected to carry the corpses back to the camp. At night, prisoners were dragged from their bunk at random and killed by the « stubendienst, » prisoners who were assistants to the barrack elder.

From January 1945 until his liberation on April 30, 1945, Fischel went through five other concentration camps. Of the thousand men who entered Auschwitz with Fischel, 15 survived.


Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

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