Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 11

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.

Smiljka Ljoljic Visnjevac, Mostar, Yugoslavia 1905

January 11
1941 Liquidation of the ghetto Domaczov (Polesie, Byelorussian SSR). 2000 Jews are killed by the SS.
1942 1 000 Vienna Jews were deported to the ghetto of Riga (Latvia).
1943 A train leaves the regroupment camp Westerbork (Drenthe, The Netherlands) with 750 Jews deported to the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
– Liquidation of the ghetto Augustow (Poland). 5500 Jews were taken to the forest where they were shot Szczabre.
– 100 Jews were deported from Vienna to Theresienstadt concentration camp.
1944 1 037 Jews interned in the camp of Westerbork group were deported to the concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen (Germany).
In 1945 a pogrom which engage members of the Arrow Cross, the Hungarian fascists, 43 Jews living in the Budapest ghetto are killed. The same day, the Arrow Cross attack the Jewish hospital in Budapest. They draw from their beds for the sick, men, women and children, and murdered with doctors and nurses. A single nurse survives.

Smiljka Ljoljic Visnjevac, Mostar, Yugoslavia

Smiljka was one of three daughters born to Serbian Orthodox parents in the town of Mostar in the central Yugoslav region of Herzegovina. Smiljka’s mother died when Smiljka was 3, and the three girls were raised by their father. A tomboy in her youth, at 17 Smiljka won the Miss Makarska Riviera beauty pageant and left for Germany to become a fashion model.

1933-39: Smiljka had a successful modeling career in Berlin. With her tall, slim figure, high cheekbones, and almond-shaped, grey-blue eyes, she was noted for her resemblance to Greta Garbo. Smiljka was anti-fascist and left Germany after Hitler came to power. When war broke out in Europe in September 1939, Smiljka was living in the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade with her husband, Tihomir Visnjevac, and their young son.

1940-41: Like many in Belgrade, Smiljka was openly anti-fascist. On March 27, 1941, a new anti-fascist government took power in Yugoslavia. In reaction, Germany launched a surprise bombing attack on Belgrade on Palm Sunday, April 6, 1941. Six days later, German troops occupied the city. Together with her husband, Smiljka, who was known to the Germans for her anti-fascist views during her days in Weimar Germany, was rounded up by the Gestapo. For more than two weeks, Smiljka and her husband were beaten and tortured.

Smiljka was shot by a German firing squad in the Banjica concentration camp in early May 1941.
She was 35 years old.


Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

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