Ephemeride of the Holocaust: January 8

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
OR PARDON – OR FORGOTTEN.

Judith Margareth Konijn, Amsterdam, Netherlands, january 7, 1930

January 8
A Khmielnik 1942 (Poland), the local police killing some of the Jewish inhabitants. The Jewish Council is then dissolved by the police chief.
A train left Vienna in 1943 with 101 deported Jews destined for concentration camp of Theresienstadt (Terezin, Czechoslovakia).
1945 A group of Hungarian fascists breaks into the sanatorium Janos in Budapest, where they get brutally sick Jews from their beds, killing several.
– 4000 Jewish ghetto Augustow (Poland) were deported between January 9 and 7 to the extermination camp of Auschwitz.

Judith Margareth Konijn, Amsterdam, Netherlands
January 7, 1930

Judith was the younger of two children born to religious, middle-class Jewish parents. Judith’s mother, Clara, was Sephardic, a descendant of Jews who had been expelled from Spain in 1492. Her father, Lodewijk, was a traveling representative for a firm based in Amsterdam. The family lived in an apartment in a new section of Amsterdam on the southern outskirts.

1933-39: Judith attended grade school with her cousin Hetty who was the same age. Judith loved to study. Her mother taught piano to students who came to the house for lessons. Judith loved to play the piano, too. Her family celebrated the Jewish holidays, and like most Dutch families, they exchanged gifts every December 6 on Saint Nicholas Day.

1940-43: After the Germans occupied Amsterdam, they enforced new laws that forbade Jews to enter libraries and museums, or even to use street cars. Then they ordered Jews to wear an identifying yellow badge, and would not allow Jewish children to attend public schools. One by one Judith’s relatives disappeared, picked up by the Germans. Then Judith, her mother and brother were arrested in a roundup by the Germans who came while Judith’s father was away at work on a night shift.

Judith was deported to the Westerbork transit camp. From there she was sent to an extermination camp in Poland. She was 13 years old when she died.

http://www.ushmm.org

Traduit Par:   Eve https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1005965907

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