Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 13

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Joseph Muscha MuellerBitterfeld, Germany 1932

December 13
1939 The SS murdered 65 Jews in the last Gniezno (Poland).
1941 For three days, 14,300 Jews from Simferopol (Ukraine) are murdered by the SS.
– Last 6 Warndorf Jews (Germany) were arrested and deported to Riga (Latvia), where they perish.
– The SS murdered 90 Jews Bakhchisarai (USSR).
– A ghetto was created in Volkovysk (Belarus). From the beginning of the German occupation, the Polish population had engaged in a pogrom. Jews have lived in this city since the sixteenth century.
1942 2 700 Jews Wyszgorod (Warsaw) were deported to the extermination camp of Auschwitz. 620 Jews were shot by the SS before the deportation.
1943 The last Jewish-Volynskiy Vladimir (Ukraine) are murdered by the SS. On the winding, thirty armed Jewish resistance to the Nazis. Half is killed, the others managed to flee into the forest.

Joseph Muscha MuellerBitterfeld, Germany

Joseph was born in Bitterfeld, Germany, to Gypsy parents. For reasons unknown, he was raised in an orphanage for the first one-and-a-half years of his life. At the time of Joseph’s birth, some 26,000 Gypsies–members of either the Sinti or Roma tribes–lived in Germany. Though most were German citizens, they were often discriminated against by other Germans and subjected to harassment.

1933-39: At age one-and-a-half, Joseph was taken into foster care by a family living in Halle, a city some 20 miles from Bitterfeld. That same year, the Nazi party came to power. When Joseph was in school, he was often made the scapegoat for pranks in the classroom and beaten for « misbehaving. » He was also taunted with insults like « bastard » and « mulatto » by classmates who were members of the Hitler Youth movement.

1940-44: When Joseph was 12 he was taken from his classroom by two strangers who said he had « appendicitis » and needed immediate surgery. He protested, but was beaten and forcefully taken into surgery where he was sterilized, a procedure legalized by a Nazi law allowing the forced sterilization of « asocials, » a category that included Gypsies. After his recovery, Joseph was to be deported to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, but his foster father managed to have him smuggled from the hospital and hidden.

Joseph survived the remainder of the war by hiding for five months in a garden shed.

  • Emmanuel Rosenthal (2 years) and his brother Avram (5 years) in the ghetto of Kaunas.
    Any two will be deported to the extermination camp of Majdanek or they will die.


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Un commentaire pour Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 13

  1. William dit :

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