Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 12

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Karl Gorath, Bad Zwischenahn, Allemagne 12 décembre 1912

December 12
1939 The Nazis ordered all Jews between fourteen and sixty years to do two years of compulsory labor. Camps are established in the General Government of Poland and the Wartha district, where most of the internees perished from exhaustion and ill-treatment.
– After the annexation of Lodz (Poland) to the German Reich, about 8,000 Jews were deported to three days to the General Government.
1941 200 Jewish patients of the Psychiatric Hospital Novinki (Belarus) are killed by the SS: one part is gassed, shot the other.
– The SS murdered 26 Jews from the prison of Nevel (Belarus) in the village of Pyatino.
– In Paris, the German occupation forces are engaged in a raid for intellectuals and Jewish notables. 1000 Jews were arrested.
– The city police arrested and executed hundreds of Jews who wanted to bring food to starving internees Chmielnik Ghetto (Poland).
– 743 Jewish personalities French nationals were arrested and interned at Royallieu. In February 1942, a hundred will be dead. The others will be shipped to Auschwitz.
1942 757 Jews interned in the camp group were deported from Westerbork to the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
– The 500 artisans remained in Lutsk (Ukraine) are murdered by the SS, but few Jews managed to flee into the forest. Only 150 Jews survived in hiding until the end of the war.
– 2000 Jewish ghetto village of Novy Dvor Mazoviechi and 2000 Jewish Ghetto Czerwinsk (Warsaw) were deported by the SS extermination camp.

Karl Gorath, Bad Zwischenahn, Allemagne
1912 Décember 12 

Karl was born in the small town of Bad Zwishenahn in northern Germany. When he was 2, his family moved to the port of Bremerhaven. His father was a sailor and his mother became a nurse in a local hospital. After his father died, Karl continued to live with his mother. Karl was 20 when he began training as a deacon at his parish church.

1933-39: I was 26 when my jealous lover denounced me and I was arrested at my house under paragraph 175 of the criminal code, which defined homosexuality as an « unnatural » act. Though this law had been on the books for years, the Nazis had broadened its scope and used it as grounds to make mass arrests of homosexuals. I was imprisoned at Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg where the « 175ers » had to wear a pink triangle.

1940-44: Because I’d had some training as a nurse, I was transferred to work at the prisoner hospital at the Wittenberg subcamp. One day, a guard ordered me to decrease the bread ration for the patients who were Polish war prisoners, but I refused, telling him that it was inhuman to treat the Poles in this way. As punishment, I was sent to Auschwitz, and this time, rather than being marked as a « 175er, » I wore the red triangle of a political prisoner. At Auschwitz I had a lover who was Polish; his name was Zbigniew.

Karl was liberated in Auschwitz in 1945. After the war he had difficulty because of his record of having been convicted under paragraph 175.

  • Emmanuel Rosenthal (2 years) and his brother Avram (5 years) in the ghetto of Kaunas.
    Any two will be deported to the extermination camp of Majdanek or they will die.


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