Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 11

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Samuel Zoltan, Transylvanie, Roumanie 1912

December 11
1939 three days, 15,000 Jews are expelled from Kalisz for deportation to the cities of Cracow, Warsaw and Rzeszow (Poland).
– For two days, the Jews of Poznan (Poland) are deported to Ostrov Lubelski and other cities. Poznan is officially declared « cleansed of its Jews, » although small groups of forced labor are still there.
1941 Approximately 1200 Jewish Ghetto Ciechanover (Poland) were deported to the ghetto of Nove Miasto. The SS rifle a number on the road.
– A ship, « The Struma », from Romania to Palestine with 769 emigrants on board. The « Struma » was sunk by a mine Feb. 12, 1942 Only one survivor.
1942 Act against the Jews: A person of Jewish race is required to report within one month of the Commissioner or the force of his home to put the word « Jew » on his ID card and individual power.

Samuel Zoltan, Transylvanie, Roumanie

Samuel’s parents emigrated to Palestine when he was very young. They lived in Rishon le Zion, the first settlement in Palestine founded by Jews from outside of Palestine. After graduating from high school, Samuel became active in a movement challenging the British mandate in Palestine.

1933-39: Samuel was expelled from Palestine in 1936 because of his outspoken criticism of the British mandate. He went to France and then to Spain just after the civil war began. Samuel fought for three years with the Spanish Republicans against the fascists. The Republicans were defeated, and Samuel returned to France, where he was interned by the French at the Gurs detention camp for foreigners. He escaped and headed for Paris.

1940-44: In 1940 Samuel joined the armed resistance group, Franc-Tireurs et Partisans. He smuggled explosives into Paris to use in sabotage against the German army. In July 1942 he arrived at the East Paris train station with two suitcases full of explosives. Two policemen grabbed him. He ran, but was shot in the legs and arrested. After two months his wounds healed. Then, on crutches, he was led daily to the prison basement to be questioned and tortured.

Samuel refused to divulge information. He died under torture at the age of 34.

  • Emmanuel Rosenthal (2 years) and his brother Avram (5 years) in the ghetto of Kaunas. Any two will be deported to the extermination camp of Majdanek or they will die.


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