Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 10

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Mendel Grynberg, Sokolow Podlaski, Pologne vers 1910

December 10
1935 detained in a camp, pacifist and anti-Nazi journalist Carl von Ossietzky was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Hitler is furious.
1941 1 000 Jewish camp-Panska Koval (Poland), all from the area, were deported to the Chelmno extermination camp: the SS suffocated in gas vans in a nearby forest.
– Brcko (Yugoslavia), 150 Jews of the city and 200 Jews from Austria are led by the SS on the banks of the Sava River, where they were massacred with sadism.
1942 The last Jewish Mlava (Warsaw), used to work extremely hard, were deported to the extermination camp of Treblinka.
– Alone so far, during the roundup of Jews of Tunis, about 2,000 Jews were arrested. The Germans were rounded up to the synagogues. Hundreds of them were killed and several of them were deported.
1943 The survivors among the Jews of the village of Mihova (Romania), deported to forced labor camp on the river Bug Tarasika when German troops had occupied Romania and Bukovina, were murdered by the Germans.
– The Italians create the transit camp Fossoli di Capri, near Modena. It will be placed in March 1944 under German command.

Mendel Grynberg, Sokolow Podlaski, Pologne
vers 1910

Mendel was raised in a large, Yiddish-speaking, religious Jewish family in Sokolow Podlaski, a manufacturing town in central Poland with a large Jewish population of about 5,000. Upon completing school, Mendel worked as a shoemaker. He was also active in a local Zionist organization.

1933-39: Mendel was married and had a family when the Germans invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Aircraft bombed the town’s market and other civilian targets before victorious German troops marched into Sokolow Podlaski on September 20 and began to loot homes in the Jewish community. When Poland was partitioned between Germany and the Soviet Union, Mendel and his family fled to Bialystok in the Soviet-occupied part of Poland.

1940-44: Like other Jewish refugees from Poland, Mendel feared the Nazis’ treatment of Jews and hoped to save his family by staying in the Soviet Union. But Germany attacked the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. Five days later, the Germans had reached Bialystok. On July 16, 1941, the Nazis established a ghetto in the city, and most of the people in the ghetto were put to work in industries. In August 1943 the Nazis liquidated the Bialystok ghetto.

Mendel was last seen by friends in Bialystok. He perished some time after June 1941, but no one knows where, when or how he died.

  • Emmanuel Rosenthal (2 years) and his brother Avram (5 years) in the ghetto of Kaunas. Any two will be deported to the extermination camp of Majdanek or they will die.


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