Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 7

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Alexander Bernstein Karchai, Lituanie vers 1911

December 7
1941 In two days, 450 men were killed in Riga (Latvia) in the plant Quadrat. Many Jews are among them.
– The Jews of Novogrudok (Belarus) should gather in the courtyard of the court, where they are selected by the SS: 400 Jews were shot sliced into the nearby village of Skrydlevo, the other locked in a newly created ghetto.
– First transports of Jews in Chelmno (gas vans).
– Start the gassing of Jews at Chelmno.
1942 The SS and Ukrainian police trigger an action in the ghetto of Rava Ruska (KRAINE): in five days, nearly 3,000 Jews were deported to the Belzec extermination camp. 1943 1 000 Jewish men and women, were deported from the Drancy camp grouping (France) to Auschwitz. 661 Jews were sent dan the gas chambers upon arrival. 42 men and 2 women only see the end of the war.

Alexander Bernstein Karchai, Lituanie
vers 1911

Alexander was one of six children born to a Jewish family in the Lithuanian village of Karchai. His father was a farmer. In nearby Janova, Alexander attended public school and also studied Hebrew and Jewish history in a religious school. In 1925 Alexander moved to Siauliai to attend secondary school. He lived there with his older sister.

1933-39: Alexander enrolled in university in Kovno, and entered the pharmacology department. After completing his degree, he returned to Siauliai and took a job in a pharmacy on Vilnius Street. In 1939 Alexander married Jocheved Todress. Later that same year, Germany invaded Poland. Lithuania, at the time, was still a free nation.

1940-44: In 1940 the Soviets annexed Lithuania. A year later German troops took Siauliai and moved the city’s Jews, including Alexander and his wife, into ghettos. Alexander was one of the very few pharmacists in the ghetto. Alexander and his wife were placed on the last transport out of Siauliai in July 1944. They were deported to several camps, but managed to stay together. However, at Kaiserwald, near Riga, Alexander and Jocheved were separated and sent to different camps.

In the spring of 1945, Alexander died in the Brabag-Schwarzheide camp from sickness brought on by starvation; he was 34. His wife, Jocheved, was never heard from again.

Emmanuel Rosenthal (2 years) and his brother Avram (5 years) in the ghetto of Kaunas. Any two will be deported to the extermination camp of Majdanek or they will die.


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