Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 5

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Daniel Judelowitz, Aizpute, Lettonie vers 1876

December 5
1939 The Nazis begin to burn the synagogues and Jewish property confiscated in Krakow, which was occupied on September 17.? At that time 60,000 Jews live in the city. They settled at 1335, protected by the kings of Poland.
1941 The Jewish « ghetto Novogrudok (Belarus) are driven out of town and murdered.
– In four days, 6,500 Jews were deported from Kolo (Poland) extermination camp at Chelmno.
– First transports of Jews arrived in Kulmlhof (Chelmno), where the waiting gas vans.
– Nearly Bromberg (Bydgoszcz) the SS began to systematically massacre the Jews with gas vans.
1942 The city of Plonsk (Warsaw) is declared « cleansed of its Jews » between November 1 and December 5, 12 000 Jews were deported to transport four in the Warsaw Ghetto to the extermination camp of Auschwitz. Only a few survive.

Daniel Judelowitz, Aizpute, Lettonie
vers 1876

Daniel was born to a Jewish family in the Latvian town of Aizpute. There, Daniel met and married Bella Hirschorn and together they opened a bakery-grocery in the town. In the 1920s they moved to Liepaja, on the Baltic coast, and opened a dry-goods store. The couple had 10 children, one of whom died in infancy.

1933-39: The Judelowitzes’ store sold fabric, accessories and various clothing items from buttons to shirts and stockings. After Daniel and Bella retired, their daughters took over the business. In 1939 Germany invaded Poland. Latvia, at the time, was still a free nation.

1940-41: In June 1941, a year after the Soviets occupied Latvia, German troops entered Liepaja. Like all of Liepaja’s Jews, Daniel and his wife were ordered to report to the local police station to register and to turn in their valuables. Within weeks of the occupation, the Germans carried out mass executions on the Baltic coast. These were halted in August. Then between September and December hundreds of Jewish men and women were killed because they were classified as « unfit for work. »

In 1941 on Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of Atonement, Daniel and Bella were arrested and deported. Neither was ever heard from again.

Emanuel Rosenthal (2 ans) et son frère Avram (5 ans) au ghetto de Kaunas. Tout 2 seront déportés au camp d'extermination de Majdanek ou ils mourront.


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