Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 4

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Josephine Kohn Dermer, Vienne, Autriche vers 1887

December 4
1941 Several hundred Jews were murdered by the SS in the port of Feodosia (Ukraine) but most of the 3,500 Jews living there were able to escape. Jews have lived in the Crimea since the thirteenth century.
– The army of occupation presents the Hungarian city of Horodenka (Ukraine) to the Nazis. The Jewish population should gather in the synagogue on the pretext of vaccination against typhus. Able-bodied men are selected, the others driven out of town, shot and buried in mass graves.
1942 600 Jews from Krosno (Galicia) were deported by the SS extermination camp at Belzec.
– 812 Jews interned in the camp group were deported from Westerbork to the extermination camp of Auschwitz.
– 800 Jewish forced labor camp in Radom (Poland) were deported to Szydloviec, where they were murdered.
Many Jews in 1943 in Pskov (USSR) are conducted in a forest to be murdered by the SS.

Josephine Kohn Dermer
Vienna, Austria, 1887

Josephine, known affectionately as Pepi, and her brother and three sisters were raised in Vienna. Her father traded in furs and her mother was a homemaker. Only a few years after Pepi married, her husband died unexpectedly and she was left to care for their young son, Fred. She and her son moved in with her widowed father.

1933-39: Pepi spent much of her time with her sister Helene. Helene’s husband was a Singer sewing machine representative, and in the summer of 1937 Pepi and Fred joined him and Helene on a sales trip through the Austrian countryside. After the Germans annexed Austria in 1938, Pepi and Fred, with Helene and her family, arranged to be smuggled, via the Netherlands, to Brussels. There, as illegal refugees, they were sheltered by the Jewish community.

1940-42: The Germans occupied Belgium in 1940. In the spring of 1942, Fred received a summons to present himself to the German authorities. Fred decided to report, and was told that he would be taken away « to perform labor for the war effort. » Dispirited after Fred was taken, Pepi remained angry, convinced that something could have been done to dissuade her teenage son from reporting, or that he could have been hidden.

Pepi never saw her son again. She was arrested in Brussels in a raid in the late fall of 1942, and perished in a Nazi death camp.

Emanuel Rosenthal (2 ans) et son frère Avram (5 ans) au ghetto de Kaunas. Tout 2 seront déportés au camp d'extermination de Majdanek ou ils mourront.


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2 commentaires pour Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 4

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