Ephemeride of the Holocaust: December 3

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Paula Garfinkel Born: Lodz, Poland, December 3, 1920

December 3
1938 Decree on the Aryanization of Jewish businesses. Is an obligation for Jews to sell their industrial goods, land, property and get rid of their bonds, stocks and other securities … The streets are closed to them during the Nazi celebrations. ? Heinrich Himmler made to remove all Jews their license.
1939 The city of Nasielsk (Warsaw) is declared « cleansed of its Jews » in September and October, most Jews had been deported to the east, Podlaska Biala, Lublin, Warsaw, etc.., Where they share the fate of the other internees.
1941 The Nazis murdered 400 Jews in the ghetto of Riga (Latvia).
– 995 Jews were deported from Vienna (Austria) in Riga.
– Creation of the extermination camp Jumpravas Muiza (Latvia): part of the Jews deported from Vienna to Riga is sent.
1942 The SS murder 800 Jewish Lubeczov (Belarus).
– 1000 Jewish Podkamia (Ukraine) were deported to the ghetto of Brody.

Paula Garfinkel
Born: Lodz, Poland, December 3, 1920

Paula was one of four children born to a religious Jewish family in Lodz, an industrial city with a large Jewish population. As a child, Paula attended public schools and was tutored at home in Jewish studies three times a week. Her father owned a furniture store.

1933-39: My brothers, sisters, and I spent a lot of time at the clubhouse of our Zionist group, Gordonia. Our group believed in humanistic values, Jewish self-labor, and in building a Jewish homeland in Palestine. I liked to work with my hands and did a lot of knitting, crocheting, and sewing. In September 1939, when I was in secondary school, my studies were cut short when Germany invaded Poland and seized Lodz on September 8th.

1940-44: In early 1940 our family was forcibly relocated to the Lodz ghetto, where we were assigned one room for all six of us. Food was the main problem. At the women’s clothing factory where I worked, I at least got some soup for lunch. But we desperately needed to find more food for my younger brother, who was very sick and bleeding internally. From the window at my factory I looked out at a potato field. Knowing that if I was caught, I’d be shot, I crept out one night to the field, dug up as many potatoes as I could, and ran home.

In 1944 Paula was deported to Bremen, Germany, as a forced laborer. She was freed in the Bergen-Belsen camp in 1945. After the war, she emigrated to the United States.


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