Ephemeride of the Holocaust: November 28

If all the victims of Nazism were not Jewish, all Jews were victims.
Over 5000 of my brothers, were murdered a day from 1942 to 1945.
Now here is the list of Jewish souls who were murdered.
This is the story of one of these souls.

Hilde Verdoner-Sluizer, Amsterdam, Pays-Bas 28 novembre 1909

November 28
1938 Limitation of the right of free movement of Jews in Germany.
– The Jews have no right to drive, to attend public buildings, to move in certain areas and at certain times. They eliminate pensions and retirement. Suvalki 1939 (Poland) is annexed to the Reich. The Germans wanted a city « cleansed of its Jews, » the 6000 community members were deported to Biala Podlaska, Lukov, Miedzyrzec-Podlaski and Kock.
– Creation of the first Polish ghetto in the city of Piotrkow.
– Decree of Hans Frank: any Jewish community of more than 1,000 people in the « General Government » is to elect a « Judenrat » headed by Germany.
1940 All Jews of the Netherlands are referred to the Public in spite of a protest of Reformed Churches.
1941 999 Jews of Vienna (Austria) were deported to Minsk (Belarus).
1942 At the beginning of the war, the Jewish population of Mosciska (Ukraine) had 2500 souls. These Jews were deported to the Belzec extermination camp, where they were murdered upon arrival.
The 1943 SS 420 Jews deported to Riga Ghetto Dünaburg (Latvia).
In a 1944 action triggered by the Arrow Cross, the Hungarian fascists invaded a block of buildings in Budapest inhabited by hundreds of Jews. One part is shot on the spot, the other taken to the ghetto.
– In Budapest, a fascist gang attacked a Jewish hospital, killing 28.

Hilde Verdoner-Sluizer, Amsterdam, Pays-Bas
28 novembre 1909

Hilde was raised in a middle-class Jewish family in Amsterdam. Like many of the Netherlands’s Jews, Hilde’s family was well-integrated in Dutch society. Hilde excelled in high school, especially in languages. After graduation, she studied homemaking for two years, and then took a job as a secretary in Rome. Hilde returned to Amsterdam where, at 24, she married Gerrit Verdoner in December 1933.

1933-39: After their wedding, Hilde and Gerrit moved to Hilversum, a residential town in the heart of the Netherlands. They lived in a spacious house in a tree-lined neighborhood where their three children were born: Yoka in 1934, Francisca in 1937, and Otto in 1939. Their life was comfortable in the Netherlands, but Hilde worried about the deteriorating situation of Jews in Germany. Her anxiety increased when Hitler invaded Poland on September 1, 1939.

1940-44: In May 1940 Germany overran the Netherlands in five days. Anti-Jewish decrees forced Gerrit out of business. When the Nazis confiscated their home, the Verdoners moved in with Gerrit’s parents in Amsterdam. The underground helped place their children in hiding. Mass deportations began in the summer of 1942. Hilde and Gerrit were sent to the Westerbork transit camp. Gerrit worked for the camp’s Nazi-appointed Jewish administration, which saved them from immediate deportation.

On February 8, 1944, Hilde was deported for « resettlement in the East. » The transport was sent to Auschwitz, where Hilde was gassed three days later. She was 34.

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5 commentaires pour Ephemeride of the Holocaust: November 28

  1. Will dit :

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  3. mutuelle dit :

    Pour commencer bravo pour cette présentation, à la fois lucides et enrichissantes. Toutefois, quelques passages auraient mérité davantage d’explications, notamment dans la conclusion. Simplement une manière de dire que je suis pressé de découvrir la suite


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